However, the -ed ending is pronounced differently in different words…
worked – sounds like workt (just one syllable) cleaned – sounds like cleand (just one syllable) started – sounds like startid (2 syllables)
How do you know which sound to use?
Feel your throat while you say a sound.
For some sounds (‘voiced’ sounds like n, d, and m) you will feel vibration (). For other sounds (‘unvoiced’ sounds like t, k, and p) you will not feel vibration.
Now feel your throat while you pronounce a regular verb (like work, clean, start) and notice the last sound of the word (work, clean, start)
If the last sound was unvoiced (as in work), pronounce the -ed sound as a t
worked > /workt/; stopped > /stopt/
If the last sound was voiced (as in clean), pronounce the -ed as a d
cleaned > /cleand/; called > /calld/
But – if the last sound was a t or d sound, pronounce the -ed as id (which adds a syllable)
started > /startid/; loaded > /loadid/
Lake Chargoggagoggmanchauggagoggchaubunagungamaugg is the name of a lake in the town of Webster, Massachusetts, near Connecticut. It is also known as Webster Lake. The 45-letter name is the longest name for a place in the United States and 6th longest in the world.
Are there words – or groups of words – that are are especially difficult for you to pronounce, or understand, in English? “uncomfortable”; “sixth”; “how much does this cost”; “what are you going to do”?
On YouGlish.com you can type in those words, and then listen to how they are said – as part of conversation – by many different people in YouTube videos. Try it below. (Press the button to go to the next video.)