Pronouncing the Past Tense of Regular Verbs

Last week there was an article about Regular Verbs and Their Spelling.  The main spelling rule is that the past tense of all regular verbs ends with -ed.

However, the -ed ending is pronounced differently in different words…

 worked – sounds like workt   (just one syllable)
 cleaned – sounds like cleand  (just one syllable)
 started – sounds like startid  (2 syllables)

How do you know which sound to use?
Feel your throat while you say a sound.

For some sounds (‘voiced’ sounds like n, d, and m) you will feel vibration ().  For other sounds (‘unvoiced’ sounds like t, k, and p) you will not feel vibration.
Now feel your throat while you pronounce a regular verb (like work, clean, start) and notice the last sound of the word (work, clean, start)

  1. If the last sound was unvoiced (as in work), pronounce the -ed sound as a t
    worked > /workt/; stopped > /stopt/
  2. If the last sound was voiced (as in clean), pronounce the -ed as a d
    cleaned > /cleand/; called > /calld/
  3. But – if the last sound was a t or d sound, pronounce the -ed as id (which adds a syllable)
    started > /startid/; loaded > /loadid/

Study to Get Your High School Degree

Take free reading, writing, and math classes – to prepare for your high school equivalency test (HiSET)

To register, come to the Fuller Middle School –  31 Flagg Drive in Framingham – at 6:30 to 8:00 PM on Wednesday, August 21st

Classes meet every Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday from 6:30 to 9:30 PM

Classes offered by Framingham Adult ESL Plus (508-626-4282)
FAESL on Facebook 

Note: This is registration for HiSET(GED) and Citizenship classes onlyNO English classes.

Regular Verbs and Their Spelling

Most English verbs are regular.  The past tense and the past participle of all regular verbs end in -ed.

Work (base/infinitive form of the verb) – I work in Boston.
Worked (past tense) – Yesterday I worked in Boston.
Worked (past participle) – I have worked in Boston for three years.

Play – Played – Played
Cry – Cried – Cried
Stop – Stopped – Stopped

Here’s a long list of 600 common regular English verbs.  For all of these verbs, the past tense form (and the past participle) ends with the letters “ed“.

Here is more detail for the spelling rules for regular verbs.

Fall ESL Classes at FAESL – New Student Lottery Information

UPDATE: Registration is closed for this semester.

Framingham Adult ESL will have a limited number of spaces for morning and evening classes for the Fall 2019 semester.

  • If you are interested in taking a MORNING English class at Framingham Adult ESL you must come in person to
    St. Tarcisius School (BRACE building)
    560 Waverly Street, Framingham
    Thursday, August 15th, 8:45 – 10:00 AM
  • If you are interested in taking an EVENING English class at Framingham Adult ESL you must come in person to
    Fuller Middle School Cafeteria
    31 Flagg Drive, Framingham
    Thursday, August 15th, 6:30 – 8:00 PM
  1. Come on August 15th to submit an entry card (with your name, address, etc).  Everyone who submits a card will have their name included in the lottery.
  2. The lottery will be on Tuesday, August 20th. Don’t come to the school on Aug 20th.  You can watch the lottery online (Facebook Live) on your phone, tablet, or computer.
  3. If your number is selected in the lottery, you will be asked to come back on a different day for testing.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

  • If I want to participate in the English class lottery, do I have to come to the school?
    YES – You must come to the school on Thursday August 15th to submit an entry card.  BUT, this should not take too long because there will be no lottery or testing on that day.
  • Will there be 2 separate lotteries?
    – If you come in the morning of Aug 15th (to St. Tarcisius), your name will be part of the lottery for MORNING classes.  If you come in the evening of Aug 15th (to Fuller School), your name will be part of the lottery for EVENING classes.
  • On August 15th do I need to arrive at the school before 6:30PM (or before 8:45 AM for morning classes)?
    NO – You can come ANY time between 6:30 and 8:00PM (or between 8:45 and 10:00AM for morning classes).  ALL the names collected during that time will have an equal chance in the lottery.
  • Do I need to watch the lottery on Facebook Live on August 20th?
    NO – When you come to the school on August 15th, you will submit an entry card with information (phone, email) on how to contact you.  If your name is selected in the lottery, the school will contact you.
  • If my name is selected in the lottery, what happens next?
    You will be asked to come to the school for testing.  After testing, you will be assigned to one of these:

    • a regular English class (6 hours each week)
    • or – a volunteer-led, once-a-week prep class (2 hours)
      If you stay in prep class with good attendance, you will automatically be on a priority list for a regular class and will not need to participate in any more lotteries.
    • or – a waiting list
      (You get a space in class as soon as possible and do not need to participate in more lotteries)
  • When are the classes?
    • Regular morning classes are on Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday mornings from 8:45 to 10:45
    • Regular evening classes are on Tuesday and Thursday evenings from 6:30 to 9:30
    • Prep classes are on one of those mornings, or evenings, each week
    • Regular classes start on Wednesday/Thursday September 4th/5th and Prep classes start a few weeks later
  • I can’t come on August 15th.  Can I come on the 16th (or some other day)? Or can someone else come to submit an entry card for me?
    NO – Unfortunately, the only day you can come to submit your name for the lottery is on August 15th, and you must come in-person.

NOTE: This is information only.  It does not guarantee you a place in class.