He in Boston. work
in Boston. work s
She pizza. like She
pizza. like s
Her dress (it) beautiful. look s
My brother (he) landscaping. do es
to help her little sister. try
My daughter (she) to help her little sister. tr ies
– Use when something happens in the present in a usual/regular way. Present Tense For
he/she/it in present tense – Don’t forget to pronounce the sound of the S at the end of the verb. Add the s (or ‘es’) only when
it’s with a he/she/it form (called ‘3rd person’)
(not with I/you/we/they) it’s in the present tense
the sentence is
affirmative (not negative)
Affirmative example: His mother
cooks dinner every night. Negative example: His mother doesn’t
cook dinner every night. When s/es is added to the end of the word, the sound can be different – depending on the word.
Here’s an explanation:
It’s from Woodward English in England, but the American pronunciation is very similar.
– I don’t know about cooking. nothing
– I’m not doing . nothing
– She didn’t say . nothing
– He won’t do . nothing
– I don’t know about cooking. anything
– I’m not doing . anything
– She didn’t say . anything
– He won’t do . anything
instead of Anything in Nothing negative sentences that contain the word “ not” (including don’t, doesn’t, didn’t, can’t, couldn’t, won’t, wouldn’t, isn’t, wasn’t, aren’t, weren’t, hasn’t, haven’t …)
I can not see
. anything Katia isn’t buying
today. anything My brother never helps with
. anything I’m not afraid of
. anything Usually avoid using
double-negatives (two negative words) in a sentence.
Examples of negative words:
Not, Nothing, None, Nobody, Neither, Nowhere…
Some examples of how to tell someone else about advice your doctor gave you …
My doctor told me TO GET more sleep.
My doctor told me TO EXERCISE more.
My doctor told me NOT TO SMOKE so much.
My doctor told me NOT TO EAT so much junk food.
My doctor told me you should get more sleep. (I, not you)
My doctor told me to don’t smoke.
My doctor told me to no eat so much junk food.
We usually use this type of speech to tell someone what somebody else said to you. It’s known as “
“. reported speech
– I’m too to go scary bungee jumping.
– He was of the loud noise. scary
– I’m too to go scared bungee jumping.
– He was of the loud noise. scared
Scared (used as an adjective) is a feeling – similar to afraid. I feel . She is scared of bees. scared
Scary is the reason for this feeling. Going bungee jumping is . Sharks are scary . scary
– How many years have you?
– I have 34 years.
– How many years has your daughter?
– My daughter has 6 years.
– Her baby has 4 months.
How old are you?
– I am 34. (or – I am 34 years old. or – I’m 34. )
– How old is your daughter?
– (or – My daughter is 6. ) My daughter is 6 years old.
(or – Her baby is 4 months. ) Her baby is 4 months old.
When talking about how old someone (or something) is, use the verb “
” – not the verb “ to be ”
(or – My twins are 5. ) My twins are 5 years old.
My car is 10 years old. Future:
Her son will be 5 on Friday.
Her son will be 5 years old on Friday. The word “turn” is often used when an age changes
Her son will turn 5 on Friday.
I turned 30 yesterday. Exception: If the person comes
the age in the sentence, then you do use the verb “to have”.
6 years old. I is a 6 year old daughter. ( have not: I have a 6 year old daughter.) s Her son
7. She is a 7 year old son. has Our cat
4 years old. We is a 4 year old cat. have
with more information on talking about age. YouTube video